Download pdf file

Please acknowledge receipt of this letter.  
 
The Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau  Prime Minister of Canada Office of the Prime Minister 80 Wellington Street Ottawa, ON K1A 0A2  pm@pm.gc.ca 
 
The Hon. Dr. Jane Philpott  Minister of Health, Canada House of Commons Ottawa,  Ontario, CanadaK1A 0A6 Hon.Jane.Philpott@Canada.ca 
 
Mr. Paul Glover  Associate Director of Health 350 Albert Street, Suite 1210 Ottawa Ontario, Canada K1R 1A4      paul.glover@hc-sc.gc.ca 
 
 
June 15, 2016       Copy sent by mail 
 
Dear Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Minister Dr. Jane Philpott, Assoc. Deputy Minister Paul Glover; 
Re: Open Letter - Industry compliance with Radiation Emitting Devices Act (REDA) and wind turbine investigation 
The purpose of this letter is to formally request a meeting with the Minister of Health and staff to discuss compliance by the wind turbine industry with the Radiation Emitting Devices Act and wind turbine industry compliance obligations, and the need to conduct an investigation of complaints relating thereto. 

We have included Associate Deputy Minister Glover in this letter because he met with Dr. Robert McMurtry, F.R.C.S.(C), F.A.C.S. and researchers Carmen Krogh, BSc Pharm and Beth Harrington, BMus in July 2009 where he was made aware of the suffering that was already taking place in rural Ontario as a result of wind turbine installations. 

Your Government has committed to listen to the people of Canada with respect to climate change. Mr. Trudeau’s Open Letter to Canadians dated November 4, 2015 states: “Our country faces many real and immediate challenges – from a struggling middle class to the threat of climate change. If we are to overcome these obstacles, Canadians need to have faith in their government’s honesty and willingness to listen. That is why we committed to set a higher bar for openness and transparency in Ottawa.” [1]  

We wish to take this opportunity to help you realize a safe approach to your climate change goals. 

 
During the past eight years, the steady expansion of industrial wind technology as a source of clean energy for Canadians has resulted in adverse health events in affected communities in Canada. [2,3] 

Many in Ontario and elsewhere have logged serious health complaints with proponents/operators of wind turbine projects, provincial and federal government ministries as well as wind turbine manufacturers. These serious health complaints are a result of the harmful acoustical waves and radio/electromagnetic energy emitted by industrial wind turbines which are located in proximity to homes. As previous ministers and current Minister Philpott have been informed, the adverse effects of wind turbines are not trivial.  

HEALTH CANADA’S WIND TURBINE NOISE AND HEALTH STUDY DESIGN  
Health Canada’s wind turbine noise and health [WTNH] study Design 2012 states: “The study will be conducted on a sample of 2000 dwellings randomly selected from those located near 8 to 12 WT installations in Canada.” [4] [Emphasis added]  
 
Some parents and commentators have advised Health Canada about their concerns for their children. Yet Health Canada excluded children under 18 in its WTNH study. [5] This exclusion has resulted in an unassessed cluster of a vulnerable young population.   
 
As a result of the random selection process, we also note that 93 homes where elderly members of the community lived, were coded “out of scope” because the study subject was over 79 years of age. Despite the fact that it is recognized Canada has an aging population, this vulnerable population cluster was also not assessed. [6] 
 
In addition, it appears that Health Canada’s WTNH study did not establish pre-turbine baseline objective measurements to be compared with the measurements taken during the study. Indicators such as cortisol, blood pressure and highly disruptive sleep patterns (HDS) before and after exposure to wind turbines are crucial to assessing true health outcomes. The study design could have included objective measurements in zones where wind turbines were operating, removing the individual(s) from wind turbine exposure for a period of time (30 days or more), followed by a reassessment of the complainant upon return.  
 
We question why Health Canada - when it had the opportunity - did not conduct individual investigations of the actual complaints rather than a stated randomized epidemiological study of a broad population while excluding children under 18 and the elderly over 79. Investigations of specific complaints are far more revealing than randomized selection. The Government of Canada had been made aware of the health issues. During the study design phase those raising health issues were not given the opportunity to be represented on the design committee in order to share collective knowledge and expertise about living with IWTs on a daily basis. During the comments phase, requests to be included in the research were dismissed by Health Canada on the basis that these individuals could be considered biased.  
 
HEALTH CANADA’S WTNH STUDY 
 
The study was a stated cross-sectional randomized epidemiological study under the former government and it concluded revealed that high annoyance as a result of wind turbine emissions was “statistically significant”. [7] 

 
High community annoyance leads to a myriad of health outcomes including stress related symptoms such as chronic sleep disturbance, elevated blood pressure, cardiac events and depression. This is expressed in the WHO Lares study which studied the effects of noise on children: 
 
One of the main conclusions of this work is that for noise induced sleep disturbances, traffic noise annoyance and neighbourhood noise annoyance, the identified health effects are independent of socioeconomic status and housing conditions. The elevated relative risks are expressed in the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system and the musculoskeletal system, as well as through depression. [8] [Emphasis added] 
Lares also states: 
 
Annoyance is defined as a feeling of discomfort which is related to adverse influencing of an individual or a group by any substances or circumstances. Annoyance express itself e. g. by malaise, fear, threat, trouble, uncertainty restricted liberty experience, excitability or defencelessness. With chronically strong annoyance a causal chain may exist between the three steps health - annoyance – disease. 
 
The World Health Organizations comments on children and their vulnerability to noise: 
 
VULNERABLE GROUPS OF CHILDREN The fetus and babies  Preterm, low birth weight and small for gestational age babies Children with dyslexia and hyperactivity Children on ototoxic medication [9] 
 
And that: 
 
Children, noise and health Impairment of early childhood development and education caused by noise may have lifelong effects on academic achievement and health. Studies and statistics on the effects of chronic exposure to aircraft noise on children have found: 
 
Consistent evidence that noise exposure harms cognitive performance; consistent association with impaired well-being and motivation to a slightly more limited extent; moderate evidence of effects on blood pressure and catecholamine hormone secretion [10] 
 
RADIATION EMITTING DEVICES ACT 
In 2014 Health Canada’s WTNH study Principle Investigator Dr. David Michaud testified under oath during an Ontario Environmental Tribunal Review appeal of a renewable energy approval of a wind project. During testimony he stated that Health Canada’s Consumer and Clinical Radiation Protection Bureau is the authority under which Health Canada’s WTNH study was conducted. Dr. Michaud also confirmed industrial wind turbines fall under the Radiation Emitting Devices Act. [11] 
 
 

 
 
Consumer and Clinical Radiation Protection Bureau (CCRPB) 
The Consumer and Clinical Radiation Protection Bureau is responsible for the administration of the Radiation Emitting Devices Act, which addresses radiation safety issues for X-ray and nonionizing radiation devices. The Act covers devices used in consumer and industrial applications, as well as medical devices.  CCRPB assesses, monitors and assists in the reduction of the health and safety risks associated with radiation exposure from devices, undertakes research into the biological effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, develops guidelines, standards and safety codes, provides radiation safety inspections of federally-regulated facilities containing radiation-emitting devices, and provides advice on potential health impacts of sources of environmental noise. The Bureau also provides radiation protection and safety advice to other federal departments, such as Industry Canada, Transport Canada, Solicitor General, the Labour Programme of Human Resources and Social Development Canada, etc., in support of their mandated activities. [12]   
 
Though Health Canada’s WTNH study was called a randomized epidemiology study, Health Canada’s preliminary results state something different and clarified that results cannot be generalized beyond the sample locations studied. [13] 
 
 
 
 
The Radiation Emitting Devices Act [REDA] is the federal law under which Health Canada’s approximately $2.2m research was conducted. The REDA specifically states that radiation is a form of acoustical waves. 
The REDA states: 
6. (1) Where a person who is the manufacturer or importer of a radiation emitting device becomes aware, after the device has left the person’s premises, of the fact that the device  
(a) does not comply with the standards, if any, prescribed under paragraph 13(1)(b) and applicable thereto, or  

 
(b) creates a risk to any person of genetic or personal injury, impairment of health or death from radiation by reason of the fact that it  (i) does not perform according to the performance characteristics claimed for it,  (ii) does not accomplish its claimed purpose, or (iii) emits radiation that is not necessary in order for it to accomplish its claimed purpose, the person shall forthwith notify the Minister. [14] 
 
The REDA states the device [wind turbine] must comply with the standards prescribed and that the Minister is to be notified of non-compliance or defect and may investigate.  However according to Access to Information and Privacy [ATIP] requests of at least 10 wind projects, not one importer/proponent/operator or manufacturer has reported complaints to the Minister from the population as required by the REDA. 
Some reporting health complaints have been notified by the Minister of Health, Canada that there are presently no standards for wind turbines. This seems highly irregular considering the rising number of wind projects in the past 8 years and the ever increasing number of complaints.  
The Standards Council of Canada SCC the CAN/CSA-IEC 61400-11:13 Wind turbines — Part 11: Acoustic noise measurement techniques (IEC 61400-11:2012, IDT) claims: 
 
Through the collaborative efforts of Canadian standardization network members, standardization is helping to advance the social and economic well-being of Canada and to safeguard the health and safety of Canadians. The network’s efforts are overseen by SCC.  The principal objectives of SCC are to foster and promote voluntary standardization as a means of advancing the national economy, supporting sustainable development, benefiting the health, safety and welfare of workers and the public, assisting and protecting the consumer, facilitating domestic and international trade, and furthering international cooperation in relation to standardization. [Emphasis added] 
 
 
HEALTH INVESTIGATION 
 
Exposure to wind energy installations has been imposed without consent on many rural residents including those who have signed this letter. Chronic exposure without remedy to the emissions from wind turbines has caused a deleterious loss of well-being and damage to health and safety. 
 
When it comes to industrial wind turbines, federal and provincial authorities have a poor track record in protecting our physical and mental health, social well-being and safety. 
 
We therefore want investigations of each of our situations through patient-oriented research such as is provided by Health Canada under the SPOR Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research. 
Canada's Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research (SPOR) is about ensuring that the right patient receives the right intervention at the right time. 
Patient-oriented research refers to a continuum of research that engages patients as partners, focusses on patient-identified priorities and improves patient outcomes. This research, 

 
conducted by multidisciplinary teams in partnership with relevant stakeholders, aims to apply the knowledge generated to improve healthcare systems and practices. [15]  
Last December Dr. Philpott dedicated $12.5 million to the Chronic Pain Network.  
Patient-oriented research refers to investigation that engages patients as partners, puts a focus on patient-identified priorities and improves patient outcomes. This research, conducted by multidisciplinary teams in partnership with relevant participants, aims to apply the knowledge produced to improve healthcare systems and practices. [16]  
 
On March 31 2016, $12.5 million was granted to McMaster for research on patient oriented research. It reiterated the role of patient oriented investigative research that focuses on individual patients. 
 
Patient-oriented research refers to investigation that engages patients as partners, puts a focus on patient-identified priorities and improves patient outcomes. This research, conducted by multidisciplinary teams in partnership with relevant participants, aims to apply the knowledge produced to improve healthcare systems and practices. [17]  
 
On May 2, 2016 Dr. Philpott granted $2 million to University of Toronto to investigate environmental factors’ impacts on health. Again, the focus is on investigation. 
 
Four researchers at the University of Toronto and its affiliated research centres are receiving $2million each to investigate how environmental factors can impact health. The funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research was announced today by federal health minister, the Honourable Jane Philpott. [18]  
 
These grants support the benefit of investigating how environmental factors impact patient outcomes which wind turbine-affected communities did not receive through Health Canada’s WTNH study.  
We request a meeting with you, Minister Philpott and your staff to hear our concerns and adverse effect complaints first-hand. Continuing to support more wind projects in proximity to homes, will likely result in an increase of affected families, including children and the elderly.  
Thank you for your time and attention to this urgent matter. In the new spirit of “willingness to listen” we look forward to scheduling a meeting with you and representatives who have researched and expressed concern on this matter and with representation of those who have signed this letter. 
Most sincerely, 
Barbara Ashbee  676425 Centre Road Mulmur, ON L9V 0C8 barbashbee1@gmail.com  
 
On behalf of: 
Andrew, Bill     
Andrew, Suzanne 

 
Armstrong, Kay       
Ashbee, Barbara  
Bartlett, Susan    
Beaudry, Patricia Bond 
Beaudry, Raymond    
Black, Joan    
Black, John 
Brindley, Darlene 
Brindley, Ross 
Broniek, Denise   
Broniek, Ethan 
Broniek, Marlo 
Broniek, Robert 
Carroll, Barbara  
Chechovsky, Jeanne 
Commaert, Melissa 
Correia, Joe 
Correia, Joey 
Correia, Shellie   
Couture, Wayne    
Crawley, Paulette 
DeHaan, Claudia 
DeHaan, Dave 
DeHaan, Nellie     
DeHaan, Peter 
DeHaan, Steve 
Docken, Derwin    
Drennan, Patricia  

 
Drennan, Shawn    
Ducharme, Doug 
Eadie, Anne 
Eadie, Doug 
Engel, Ann 
Engel, Ed     
Ernst, Pam 
Foster, Helen     
Foster, Jessica 
Foster, Rachel 
Fraser, Sandy 
Frayne, Anita    
Frayne, Paul 
George, Bob     
Gillis, Lorrie       
Gillis, Peter      
Gorman, Barbara 
Groves, Linda    
Groves, Steve   
Hartman, Jason 
Hartman, Melanie    
Haygarth, Lynn    
Hayward, Martina    
Horton, Gerry 
Horton, Nikki     
Horton, Owen 
Horton, Wyatt 
Howard, Anne Marie 

 
Hughes, Debbie   
Huneniuk, Christina 
Hunter, Karen  
Jackie Vainik    
Jackson, Deana 
Jackson, Glen    
Jackson, Renate 
Jelinski, Eric PEng  
Johnson, David  
Johnston, Stephana   
Kay, Elizabeth 
Kay, Malcolm  
Kellar, Patti   
Kelly, Ann 
Kelly, Charlie  
Kelly, John   
Kirby, Philip 
Krane, Jame 
Krane, Jean 
Krane, Michael 
Krane, Nora 
Krane, Sylvia 
Krane, William P. 
Lamb, Kevin 
Leitch, Mike  
Lewand, Chuck 
Lewand, Robbie 
Libby, David  
10 
 
Lindsay, Aaron 
Lindsay, Gary 
Lindsay, Lyndsay 
Lindsay, Lynn  
Lormand, Dennis 
MacKinnon, Agnes 
MacKinnon, George 
MacLeod, Eric 
MacLeod, J. Stewart 
MacLeod, Peter 
MacLeod, Sandy   
Maidment, Floyd   
Martin, David  
Martin, Judy   
McComb, Carter  
McComb, Colton   
McComb, Lora    
McComb, Scott 
McComb, Sienna 
McLean, Catherine  
McNeilly, Anne   
Melady, Jeanne    
Melady, June Anne   
Melick, Bill  
Metzger, Bridget 
Metzger, Marc 
Metzger, Martin 
Metzger, Matt   
11 
 
Metzger, Monika 
Metzger, Sabrina 
Miller, Jeffrey  
Miller, Stephen 
Muller, Matt 
Muller, Michael 
Muller, Michelle 
Muller, Suzanne   
Nernberg, Clarence  
Nolan, Dan 
Nolan, Rhonda 
Ogilvy, Lyn 
Patti Hutton  
Pauchuk, Cheryl 
 
Pauchuk, Leane 
Pauchuk, Michele 
Pentland, Emma   
Pentland, Eugenia  
Pentland, George 
Pentland, Isabelle 
Pentland, Opal 
Pentland, Paul 
Pentland, Pearl 
Pentland, Queenie 
Pentland, Rosemary  
Portz, Bernd   
Portz, Ursula 
Reist, Marilyn   
12 
 
Reist, Wayne 
Retzima, Heather   
Rogers, Linda   
Rogers, William 
Ryan, Gerry     
Ryan, Karen    
Schmalz, Elaine 
Schmalz, Greg  
Schmalz, Kelly    
Schmalz, Kimberly    
Schmalz, Kristen       
Schmidt, Norma      
Schmidt, Ron 
Scholman, Hope 
Scholman, Lisa 
Scholman, Marisa 
Seeliger, Bert    
Seeliger, Virginia 
Small, David 
Smith, Trix   
Sommer, Pauli    
Sprott, Heather    
Sprott, Robin 
St. Armand, Doris   
Stachura, Carla   
Stachura, Mike       
Stauttner, Ruth   
Steep, Andrew 
13 
 
Steep, Claire 
Steep, David 
Steep, Marian 
Steep, Paul 
Steep, Shawn 
Stelling, Keith   
Stewart-Love, Virginia   
Teeter, Bev    
Teeter, Irvine  
Thompson, Rachel    
Van Den Bosch, Len    
Van Ooteghem, Aaron   
Wallis, Barbara   
Whitmore, Bruce   
Whitmore, Margaret 
Whitworth, Ted   
Whitworth, Tracey 
Wylds, Brenda 
Wylds, Glen 
Wylds, Kent 
Wylds, Kiera 
Zinkan, Peter   
Zinkan, Ruthann 
We also mourn the loss of those who reported adverse effects since 2008 but are no longer with us: 
Basser, Barbara  
Basser, Louis  
Colling, David  
Marshall, Ernie  
14 
 
Wylds, Brenda  
 
 
 
REFERENCES 
 
1. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s open letter to Canadians (4 November 2015) http://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/primeminister-justin-trudeaus-open-letter-canadians#sthash.CbEutQbQ.dpuf  
2. Roy D. Jeffery, Carmen M.E. Krogh, and Brett Horner, Industrial wind turbines and adverse health effects Can J Rural Med 2014;19(1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24398354  
3. Robert Y McMurtry and Carmen ME Krogh, Diagnostic criteria for adverse health effects in the environs of wind turbines PMID: 25383200 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4221978 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4221978/ 
 
4. Health Impacts and Exposure to Wind Turbine Noise: Research Design and Noise Exposure Assessment.  http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/consult/_2012/wind_turbine-eoliennes/research_recherche-eng.php 
 
5. Health Canada Environmental and Workplace Health, Frequently Asked Questions November 6, 2014 http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/noise-bruit/turbine-eoliennes/faq-eng.php 
 
6. Michaud D et al. Exposure to wind turbine noise: Perceptual responses and reported health effects. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 139 (3), March 2016 
 
7. Health Canada: Summary of results http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/noise-bruit/turbine-eoliennes/summaryresume-eng.php 
 
8. World Health Organization. LARES Final report Noise effects and morbidity By: Dr Hildegard Niemann / Dr Christian Maschke Interdisciplinary research network. Noise and Health  2004  http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/105144/WHO_Lares.pdf  
9. World Health Organization, Children and Noise, Children’s Health and the Environment, WHO Training Package for the Health Sector www.who.int/ceh 
 
10. World Health Organization, Noise Facts and Figures, Sited December 23, 2012, http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/environment-and-health/noise/facts-and-figures    
 
11. ERT Case Nos. 13-084/13-085/13-086/13-087/13-088/13-089. Ontario Environmental Review Tribunal. Ryan Dixon v MOE. Transcript Dr. David Michaud, October 4, 2013 p. 17 
 
12. Health Canada. Environmental and Radiation Health Sciences Directorate (ERHSD) Date Modified: 2007-03-28. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ahc-asc/branch-dirgen/hecs-dgsesc/erhsd-dsser/index-eng.php 
 
13. Health Canada: Summary of results http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/noise-bruit/turbineeoliennes/summary-resume-eng.php 
 
14. Radiation Emitting Devices Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. R-1) Act current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2004-10-13 http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/R-1/ 
 
15. Government of Canada. Canadian Institutes of Health. Research Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research (Jan 28, 2016) http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/41204.html 
15 
 
 
16. Government of Canada. Canadian Institutes of Health. Research Pain BC partners in launching national pain research network March 31, 2016  https://www.painbc.ca/news/pain-bc-partners-launching-national-painresearch-network 
17. McMaster University  Faculty of  Health Sciences. McMaster captures two national patient-oriented research networks worth $25M. Published: March 31, 2016  http://fhs.mcmaster.ca/main/news/news_2016/chronic_disease_research_announcement.html 
 
18. Government of Canada. Canadian Institutes of Health. U of T news. U of T researchers to investigate environment’s health impact April 29, 2016.  https://www.utoronto.ca/news/u-t-researchers-investigateenvironment-health-impact  
 
 


Comments


Comments are closed.