A b s t r a c t

Short-term sleep loss is known to cause temporary difficulties in cognition, behaviour and health but the effects of persistent sleep deprivation on brain development have received little or no attention. Yet, severe sleep disorders that last for years are common in children especially when they have neurodevelopmental disabilities. There is increasing evidence that chronic sleep loss can lead to neuronal and cognitive loss in children although this is generally unrecognized by the medical profession and the public. Without the restorative functions of sleep due to total sleep deprivation, death is inevitable within a few weeks. Chronic sleep disturbances at any age deprive children of healthy environmental exposure which is a prerequisite for cognitive growth more so during critical developmental periods. Sleep loss adversely effects pineal melatonin production which causes disturbance of circadian physiology of cells, organs, neurochemicals, neuroprotective and other metabolic functions. Through various mechanisms sleep loss causes widespread deterioration of neuronal functions, memory and learning, gene expression, neurogenesis and numerous other changes which cause decline in cognition, behaviour and health. When these changes are long-standing, excessive cellular stress develops which may result in widespread neuronal loss. In this review, for the first time, recent research advances obtained from various fields of sleep medicine are integrated in order to show that untreated chronic sleep disorders may lead to impaired brain development, neuronal damage and permanent loss of developmental potentials. Further research is urgently needed because these findings have major implications for the treatment of sleep disorders. download pdf file

James E. Jan a,b,*, Russ J. Reiter c, Martin C.O. Bax d, Urs Ribary e,
Roger D. Freeman f,g, Michael B. Wasdell h
a Pediatric Neurology and Developmental Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
b Child and Family Research Institute and BC Children’s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
c Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
d Child Health, Chelsea and Westminster Campus, Imperial College, London, UK
e Cognitive Neurosciences in Child Health and Development, Behavioural and Cognitive Neuroscience Institute, Simon Fraser University,
Burnaby, BC, Canada
f Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
g Neuropsychiatry Clinic, BC Children’s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
h BC Children’s Hospital, Vancouver, Fraser Health Authority, Surrey, BC, Canada

Dr Christopher Hanning, Honorary Consultant in Sleep Disorders Medicine to the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, based at Leicester General Hospital, having retired in September 2007 as Consultant in Sleep Disorders Medicine.

There can be no reasonable doubt that industrial wind turbines whether singly or in groups (“wind farms”) generate sufficient noise to disturb the sleep and impair the health of those living nearby and this is now widely accepted. A recently published peer reviewed editorial in the British Medical Journal (Hanning 2012) states: “A large body of evidence now exists to suggest that wind turbines disturb sleep and impair health at distances and external noise levels that are permitted in most jurisdictions. link

University of Waterloo Applied Health Sciences
Exploring the Association between Proximity to Industrial Wind Turbines and Self-Reported Health Outcomes in Ontario, Canada by Claire Paller March 2014 download pdf file

"Conclusion: Specifically, study findings suggest that future research should focus on the effects of industrial wind turbine noise on sleep disturbance and symptoms of inner ear problems."

Effects of industrial wind turbine noise on sleep and health
Michael A. Nissenbaum, Jeffery J. Aramini1, Christopher D. Hanning2
Participants living within 1.4 km of an IWT had worse sleep, were sleepier during the day, and had worse SF36 Mental Component Scores compared to those living further than 1.4 km away. Significant dose-response relationships between PSQI, ESS, SF36 Mental Component Score, and log-distance to the nearest IWT were identified after controlling for gender, age, and household clustering. The adverse event reports of sleep disturbance and ill health by those living close to IWTs are supported. link

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and Canada’s Role
Convention on the Rights of the Child [2]Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx
Article 6
2. States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child.

Convention on the Rights of the Child [2]Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx
Article 31
1. States Parties recognize the right of the child to rest and leisure,



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