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The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 135, 2272 (2014); doi: 10.1121/1.4877443

Stephen E. AmbroseRobert W. RandRichard R. James and Michael A. Nissenbaum

Abstract
Significant proportions of IWT facility neighbors complain about turbine noise and sleep disturbances, among other adverse health complaints. We undertook an independent evaluation of several wind turbine projects located in Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, New York, Illinois, Michigan, West Virginia, and Wisconsin to assess if common etiological factors exist. Adverse effects appear to relate to a basket of common factors that were overlooked or not included in preconstruction planning including noise predictions and assessments of likely community reactions. Correcting oversights in future projects should result in quieter IWT projects with reduced or no adverse community reactions. A unified methodology for doing so, enabling wind turbine developers, governmental agencies, municipal boards, and private citizens to assess for potential adverse noise impacts during the permitting phase is presented. Our results are consistent with prior USEPA studies, WHO assessments, and Pedersen and Waye research, among others.


 
 
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So much damage for so little electricity


 
 
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University of Waterloo Events 
Wednesday, May 7, 2014 - 3:30 pm


Harm from Wind Turbines, What has been known for Decades. A review of research on the effects of Low Frequency/Infrasound on people and animals.

The topic of adverse health effects associated with wind facilities is globally debated. It is acknowledged that if placed too close to residents, industrial wind turbines can negatively affect the physical, mental and social well-being of some. In addition to the general population, at risk are the vulnerable such as fetuses, babies, children, elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions. There is published research on the effects of Low Frequency/Infrasound (LFI) on people and animals dating back several decades. This presentation will provide some of the available evidence drawn from peer reviewed literature, authoritative references, and other sources.

It is proposed that known risk of harm can be avoided by siting wind facilities a protective distance from residents.

Bio:

Carmen Krogh is published in peer-reviewed scientific and medical journals and has presented papers at scientific noise conferences. She is an independent, full time volunteer and for almost 6 years has researched health and other effects associated with industrial wind energy facilities and shares information with individuals, communities, authorities, wind energy developers, industry and others.  Krogh’s background in health care, vigilance monitoring, editing and publishing helps inform her work. She held senior positions at a major teaching hospital; as a drug information researcher; a professional association and the Health Protection Branch of Health Canada (PMRA). She is a former Director of Publications and Editor-in-chief of the Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties (CPS), the book used by physicians, nurses, and health professionals for prescribing information on prescription medication in Canada. Her goal is evidence-based siting of IWTs that protects human health.

https://uwaterloo.ca/events/events/carmen-krogh-harm-wind-turbines-what-has-been-known-decades


Host 
Cheriton School of Computer Science
Event website 
https://cs.uwaterloo.ca/~mannr/Krogh-Announce.html
Location 
DC - William G. Davis Computer Research CentreRoom 1302
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1Canada

 
 
Photos of Chatham-Kent Industrial Wind Turbines February 2014
link to slideshow
 
 
Photos of Chatham-Kent Industrial Wind Turbines February 2014
link to slideshow
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Wind Victims Ontario has created a webpage to document the progress of the Ontario Wind Turbine Health Study University of Waterloo. Please go to the the webpage for more details.
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University of Waterloo Applied Health Sciences


Summary of Activities - Year 2 (2012)
1.1 Wind Turbine Health Studies: Clinical and Epidemiological Studies
1.2 GIS-based spatial analysis: Wind-Turbine Health data
1.3 Wind Turbine Noise Studies: Modeling
1.4 Wind Turbine Noise Studies: Field Measurements
1.5 Health Risk Communication
other topics 
download pdf file

University of Waterloo Applied Health Sciences
Summary of Activities - Year 3 (2013)
1.1  Wind Turbine Health Studies: Clinical and Epidemiological Studies
1.2  Wind Turbine Health Studies: Biomarkers
1.3  Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Health
1.4  Wind Turbine Health Studies: Sleep Study
1.5  Lived Experience
1.6  Wind Turbine Noise measurement
Other topics

download pdf file

Letter sent to residents in Ontario asked to participate in the study.
reth-information-letter.pdf Download File

University of Waterloo Wind Turbine Health Effects Poster
poster_cpaller_oct15.pdf Download File
"Sleep deprivation can cause impaired memory and cognitive functioning, decreased short term memory, speech impairment, hallucinations, psychosis, lowered immunity, headaches, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, stress, anxiety and depression.  Gretchen Borchelt, JD & Christian Pross, MD"
Action Alert November 2013
The Ontario Government must take action now to stop the operation wind turbine projects that have been placed too close to people’s homes.
There have been endless complaints of serious health problems for those living close to wind turbine projects. A recent release of an ongoing health study from the University of Waterloo again confirms 
this. The Ontario Government has not taken any action to resolve these issues.
      Please send to the contacts listed in the Action Alert and include your MPP and MP
Wind Victims Ontario Comment
Clearly this study, supported by thousands of complaints to the Environment and Health ministries, shows impacts are happening in real time to many families in this province. The failure of the Wynne government to acknowledge and address the impacts is a public disgrace. That any authority with the power to do something would choose leave people suffering is beyond our comprehension and as you read this more turbines are being approved, erected and allowed to continue to operate by the Wynne government.
 
 
New England College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

By Michael A. Nissenbaum, MD

How did we get here?
     Preconstruction noise modeling is a key part of the planning and submission process. Acoustic engineering firms are typically consulted, and they take the known maximal noise emissions from a particular IWT model to be used, add a safety factor (in theory) of a few decibels, and take account of such factors as topography, ground cover, and ambient nighttime noise levels. These various factors are plugged into software programs; maps of sound contours are developed that show expected noise levels at certain reception sites (typically homes).

     If any of the variables plugged into the programs are incorrect or based upon a faulty understanding of human physiology, the outcome may end up being unsatisfactory to the point of being disastrous for the affected residents. Incomplete or erroneous understanding of human physiology frequently informs the variables non-medical people use to arrive at conclusions as to whether people will have their health adversely affected by IWT installation. Let us review a few of these.
download pdf file below
v2_38e.pdf
File Size: 1147 kb
File Type: pdf
Download File

 

Action Alert

11/13/2013

 
Action Alert November 2013

The Ontario Government must take action now to stop the operation wind turbine projects that have been placed too close to people’s homes.

There have been endless complaints of serious health problems for those living close to wind turbine projects. A recent release of an ongoing health study from the University of Waterloo again confirms 
this. The Ontario Government has not taken any action to resolve these issues.


The poster entitled ‘Wind Turbine Noise, Sleep Quality, and Symptoms of Inner Ear Problems’ was displayed by University of Waterloo researchers Claire Paller, Phil Bigelow, Shannon Majowicz, Jane Law, and Tanya Christidis at a recent symposium in Toronto. The research indicates statistically significant impacts for sleep, vertigo and tinnitus. The Results and Discussion of the poster can be found in this link. The full poster can be accessed by clicking this link. This is in addition to the dozens of peer-reviewed papers that have been published over the years linking human health problems to the operation of industrial wind turbines. Link to additional peer-reviewed papers.


Thank you to all that have continued to work very hard up to this point. 

The government and wind industry relies on large numbers of people's complacency to continue their scam. If you haven't done anything to help now is your chance. The resolution of this issue is dependent upon a large number of people's action. You have to make the choice to get involved. If you don't, nothing will ever change.


Take Action

Send the message:
“The Ontario Government must take action now to stop the operation wind turbine projects that have been placed too close to people’s homes and are causing injury through adverse sleep quality and other impairments to human health.” 

Please add a short message of your own to this.
Sign your name and address.

(If you use email, you can request an acknowledgement of receipt of your email.)

Please send to the following contacts below and include your MPP and MP


Word file for list of contacts below
action_alert_contacts.doc
File Size: 33 kb
File Type: doc
Download File

Ontario Provincial MPP locator:
http://www.ontla.on.ca/lao/en/members/

Canada Federal MP locator:
http://www.canada.gc.ca/directories-repertoires/direct-eng.html

For looking up Government of Ontario employees by name or office use this link:
http://www.infogo.gov.on.ca/infogo/searchDirectory.do?action&info&locale=en  


Provincial Authorities – Contact info

Premier Kathleen Wynne
 premier@ontario.ca
Mailing address:
Kathleen Wynne, Premier
 Legislative Building Queen's Park
 Toronto ON M7A 1A1
Phone 416-325-1941

Deborah Matthews  - Deputy Premier  and Minister of Health  
 dmatthews.mpp@liberal.ola.org  
Mailing address:
Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
10th Floor, Hepburn Block
80 Grosvenor Street
Toronto, Ontario M7A 2C4
Tel  416-327-4300
Fax  416-327-3679
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James J. Bradley – Minister of Environment
 jbradley.mpp@liberal.ola.org  
Ministry  mailing address:
Ministry of the Environment
11th Floor, Ferguson Block
77 Wellesley Street West
Toronto, Ontario M7A 2T5
Tel - 416-314-6790 
Fax - 416-314-6748 

Bob Chiarelli – Minister of Energy
write2us@ontario.ca 
bchiarelli.mpp.co@liberal.ola.org
Ministry  mailing address:
Ministry of Energy
4th Floor, Hearst Block
900 Bay Street
Toronto, Ontario M7A 2E1
Tel - 416-327-6758 
Fax - 416-327-6754 

Doris Dumais – Director - MODERNIZATION OF APPROVALS BRANCH
doris.dumais@ontario.ca     
Mailing address:
Doris Dumais
Director - MODERNIZATION OF APPROVALS BRANCH
4th Flr
135 St Clair Ave W
Toronto ON M4V1P5
Phone: 416-327-9466 

Agatha Garcia Wright – Director Environmental Approvals Access
Agatha.GarciaWright@ontario.ca
Mailing address:
Agatha Garcia-Wright
Director - ENVIRONMENTAL APPROVALS ACCESS AND SERVICE INTEGRATION BRANCH
12A
2 St Clair Ave W
Toronto ON M4V1L5
Phone: 416-314-7288 
  
Gord Miller - Environmental Commissioner of Ontario
commissioner@eco.on.ca  
Mailing address:
1075 Bay Street, Suite 605
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2B1
Tel: 416-325-3377/1-800-701-6454
Fax: 416-325-3370

King, Dr. Arlene - Chief Medical Officer of Health
arlene.king@ontario.ca   
HEALTH AND LONG-TERM CARE
Mailing address:
CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH
Hepburn Block
11th Flr
80 Grosvenor St
Toronto ON M7A1R3
 Phone - 416-212-3831

André Marin – Ombudsman’s Office
amarin@ombudsman.on.ca
Mailing address:
OMBUDSMAN'S OFFICE
Bell Trinity Sq
10th Flr
483 Bay St S Tower
Toronto ON M5G2C9
 Phone: 416-586-3300

John Gerretsen – Attorney General Ontario
jgerretsen.mpp.co@liberal.ola.org    
Mailing address:
McMurtry-Scott Bldg
11th Flr
720 Bay St
Toronto ON M7A2S9
Phone: 416-326-2220  

Andrea Horwath – Leader of the NDP
 ahorwath-qp@ndp.on.ca
Queen's Park 
Room 113, Main Legislative Building, Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A5
Tel - 416-325-7116 
Fax - 416-325-2770 

Jonah Schein – NDP Environment Critic
 jschein-qp@ndp.on.ca  
Mailing address:
Queen's Park 
Room 212, Main Legislative Building, Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A5
Tel - 416-325-0014 
Fax - 416-325-0022 

France Gélinas – NDP Health Critic
fgelinas-qp@ndp.on.ca    
Mailing address:
Queen's Park 
Room 186, Main Legislative Building, Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A5
Tel - 416-325-9203 
Fax - 416-325-9185

Peter Tabuns – NDP Energy Critic
tabunsp-qp@ndp.on.ca   
Mailing address:
Queen's Park 
Room 165, Main Legislative Building, Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A5
Tel - 416-325-3250
Fax - 416-325-3252
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Tim Hudak – Leader – Progressive Conservative Party
tim.hudakco@pc.ola.org
Mailing address:
Queen's Park
Room 381, Main Legislative Building
Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A8
Tel - 416-325-8454
Fax - 416-325-0998 

Christine Elliott – PC Health Critic
 christine.elliott@pc.ola.org  
Mailing address:
Queen's Park 
Room 436, Main Legislative Building, Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A8
Tel - 416-325-1331 
Fax - 416-325-1423

Lisa MacLeod – PC Energy Critic
 lisa.macleod@pc.ola.org  
Mailing address:
Queen's Park
Room 451, Main Legislative Building, Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A8
Tel - 416-325-6351 
Fax - 416-325-6364 

Michael Harris – PC Environment Critic
michael.harrisqp@pc.ola.org
Mailing address:
Queen's Park
Room 344, Main Legislative Building
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A8
Tel - 416-325-3130
Fax - 416-325-3214

Lisa M. Thompson – PC Green Energy Act Critic
lisa.thompson@pc.ola.org
Mailing address:
Queen's Park 
Room 430, Main Legislative Building, Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M7A 1A8
Tel - 416-325-3467
Fax - 416-325-3490
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Federal Authorities – contact info

Prime Minister Stephen Harper
pm@pm.gc.ca
Mailing address:
Office of the Prime Minister
80 Wellington Street Ottawa,
ON K1A 0A2
Fax: 613-941-6900
See more at: http://www.pm.gc.ca/eng/contactpm#sthash.3WIbnPmb.dpuf
Leave message at this page: http://www.pm.gc.ca/eng/contactpm

Rona Ambrose – Minister of Health
 rona.ambrose@parl.gc.ca
Mailing address:
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A6
Telephone: 613-996-9778
Fax: 613-996-0785

Joe Oliver – Minister of Natural Resources
Joe.Oliver@parl.gc.ca
Mailing address:
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A6 
Telephone: 613-992-6361
Fax: 613-992-9791

Hon. Leona Aglukkaq  - Minister of Environment
leona.aglukkaq@parl.gc.ca
Mailing address:
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A6 
Telephone: 613-992-2848
Fax: 613-996-9764

Peter Gordon MacKay -  Minister of Justice and  Attorney General of Canada
peter.mackay@parl.gc.ca
Mailing address:
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0A6
 Telephone: 613-992-6022
Fax: 613-992-2337

Health Canada – General Inquiries
Info@hc-sc.gc.ca
 Address Locator 0900C2
 Ottawa, Ontario
 K1A 0K9
Telephone: 613-957-2991
Toll free: 1-866-225-0709
Fax: 613-941-5366
 
 
ILL Wind Reporting looks to uncover and document the many instances of negative effects from wind developments in rural communities. ILL Wind Reporting is available for all to use. If you are having problems please take a couple of minutes to document your situation.


Wind Lease landowner suffering from vertigo
19:53 Oct 26 2013 Harrow, Essex, ON N0R, Canada
Description
Landowner under contract with wind developer is suffering from vertigo. Explanation given is this was caused by an infection in a blood vessel in his inner ear.

Additional Data

Wind Company Name: IPC/GDF Suez Canada
Project Name: AIM Harrow Wind Farm
Distance to Nearest Turbine (in Metres): 700


Vertigo in Harrow
19:47 Oct 26 2013 Harrow, Essex, ON N0R, Canada
Description
Man in mid 60's suffering from vertigo. Under medication to alleviate symptoms.

Additional Data

Wind Company Name: IPC/GDF SuezProject 
Name: AIM Harrow Wind Project
Distance to Nearest Turbine (in Metres): 600


CAW turbine causing problems in Port Elgin Ontario
10:33 Sep 6 2013 Port Elgin, Saugeen Shores, ON, Canada
Description
Video of victim impact statements in Port Elgin, Ontario. Intense vibration requires resident to leave her home to find respite. 

Additional Data
Wind Company Name: CAW Port Elgin wind turbine
Distance to Nearest Turbine (in Metres): 2000 metres


Loss of propety values in Port Elgin
07:45 Aug 26 2013 Port Elgin, Saugeen Shores, ON, Canada
Description
I am writing asking for your support in requesting the CAW to remove the wind turbine which is currently on their property. As a Developer in the area, I have had sales in the southwest end of Port Elgin fall through because of noise and health concerns created as a result of the wind turbine running. I have been advised by real estate agents that people won’t even look at properties at that end of town. The value of the land and homes in this area has greatly depreciated due to the wind turbine and is making it challenging to recoup the costs of developing land in this area. This will also impact the Town in the amount of taxes and development fees it will be able to collect. Homeowners who purchased homes from me in this area and prior to the wind turbine are advising me that they are now suffering from dizziness, vertigo, extreme headaches and vision problems. People are also suffering from high blood pressure, black spots in their vision, nosebleeds and loss of concentration, among other issues. Their health had been fine prior to the wind turbine starting up and this is not what they signed up for when they bought their homes. We have been constructing homes in Port Elgin for many years and this has been the first time our company is opposing something such as this wind turbine 

Additional Data
Project Name: CAW Port Elgin


Constant hum
13:44 Aug 12 2013 Cedar Springs, ON N0P, Canada
Description
As a long term resident of cedar springs I have observed a constant hum and swosh sound of blades. I truly don't enjoy my yard anymore.

Abnormal Dog Behaviour
22:00 Aug 6 2013 Ridgetown, Chatham-Kent, ON N0P, Canada

Description
wind moderate from the south/southeast. Can hear pulsing jet engine noise from the turbines to the south. The dog (year and a half old) for the first time ever will not go into the room where he has spent every night previously. The room where he sleeps is on the south side of the house. I tried several times to get him to go in the room, and he just put his head down and slunk away each time.

Additional Data
Wind Company Name: Enbridge
Project Name: Talbot Wind
Distance to Nearest Turbine (in Metres): 1500


CAW Port Elgin Turbine
11:21 Jul 26 2013 206 Stickel Street, Saugeen Shores, ON N0H 2C1, Canada
Description
ATTN. Co Governess of the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety Sari your positions at both the CAW and the CCOHS puts you in a unique spot to help people suffering since the start up of the CAW industrial wind turbine. We have many impacted citizens whose stories are soon to be publically shared. Here is but one; Ann Kelly, living at 206 Stickle St. approximately 500 metres from the CAW turbine, is a senior who has kept an accurate daily journal of her symptoms since first being affected upon her arrival back from her winter stay. Since May 9th she has experienced escalating episodes of physical discomfort, pain and is being robbed of a basic enjoyment of her own backyard in her new townhome. She exhibits classic low frequency noise exposure symptoms. Her doctor in an effort to eliminate all other causes had undergo a brain scan. It came back clear. She is a suffering woman and she and her husband have filed multiple CAW complaints recently and all she gets back is a complaint file number registration. No calls, no visit. Nothing. And you wonder why people just give up and suffer in silence? You take their despair and equate it to lack of complaints. Where is the CAW concern that Ken Lewenza so proudly spoke of in November 2011 saying to our community leaders that the neighbours health was his number one concern and upon evidence of health impacts he would do everything in his power to resolve them including shutting down the turbine. No calls, no visits. Nothing. Now upon that evidence surfacing in the form of citizen complaints and multiple local doctor confirmations, we are calling on Ken Lewenza to keep his promise, a promise that was confirmed by CAW email to the community leaders he met with and on public radio by a Ken Bondy, CAW’s environmental official, to Dale Goldhawk. The CAW turbine is unequivocally harming people. We have measured the infra and low frequency pressure changes in our homes. If it’s in our homes, it’s in your workplace at the FEC. You know LFN is a documented workplace health hazard. Do the right thing, stop the harm. If not for residents then for your own members. Your silence is deafening. Don’t take my word as evidence as I am a protestor and as you are aware the CAW has a policy not to negotiate with protestors. I’m passing that policy on to all CAW unionized companies so they are aware and that they too can embrace this policy. Call her and hear her story for yourself. Her phone number is on all her complaints forms. 

Additional Data
Project Name: CAW Port Elgin

 
 
From: National Wind Watch

At 10 different facilities, acoustical engineers Robert Rand and Stephen Ambrose measured wind turbine noise to be 3-12 dB (average 4.5-9 dB) louder than had been predicted.

If chart does not appear click here to download
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